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International Geophysical Year reading group: archive

International Geophysical Year reading group: archive

Return to the list of forthcoming seminars.

# Monday 26th June 2017, 6.00pm - Professor Klaus Dodds, Royal Holloway, University of London
Free, but booking essential: https://thefutureoftheantarctictreaty.eventbrite.co.uk/
The Future of the Antarctic Treaty
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

How do you govern an international continent? When twelve nations met in Washington DC in October 1959 to create the Antarctic Treaty, spirits were reasonably high. The Antarctic Treaty was intended to build on the legacy of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957-58, with a vision of a continent where international science and peace prevailed.

An area beyond national jurisdiction, the Antarctic is not like the world’s oceans and atmosphere – seven countries are claimants and the two then superpowers (US and Soviet Union/Russia) reserve the right to make a claim to the world’s remotest continent.

Professor Klaus Dodds will be looking back as much as looking forward as he discusses the future of this treaty. Can it continue to provide the necessary legal, moral and political framework to govern Antarctica peacefully?

Available to view before and after the talk, an exhibition on the International Geophysical Year, The Year that Made Antarctica.

# Monday 28th November 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 8 - IGY's political legacy
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

Chapter 2 ‘The Early Years (1958-67)’ in Walton and Clarkson, 2011, Science in the Snow: Fifty years of international collaboration through the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.

Chapter 5 ‘Negotiating A Draft Treaty’ in Templeton, 2000, A Wise Adventure: New Zealing In Antarctiica 1920-60.

If you’d like to read more about treaty inspections I’ve included an optional reading:

Giuliani “Inspections under the Antarctic Treaty” in Francioni and Scovazzi (eds), 1996, International Law for Antarctica

# Monday 21st November 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 7 - Sites for science and their heritage
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

Fuchs, 1982, Of Ice and Men, Chapter 9: The Best Laid Schemes

Morrison, 2008, “Observations on Standards of Management and Maintenance”

Roura, 2008, “Antarctic Scientific Bases: Environmental and Cultural Heritage Perspectives 1983-2008”

This session will look at locations for doing science in the IGY and the Falkland Islands Dependencies scientific bureau’s (FIDS) involvement with the IGY and the material legacy of those sites.

# Monday 21st November 2016, 2.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Film screening: Horseshoe base and Halley's first year
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

2.00pm – 2.45pm: Horseshoe base, DVD of 16 mm cine film about the 1st year of the Base, 1955/56, colour with commentary. 45 mins long.

3.00pm – 3.30pm: Halley during the first year under FIDS (Jan 1959 on), DVD of a 16 mm cine film, colour with commentary added. 30 min long.

# Monday 14th November 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 6 - The Commonwealth Transantarctic Expedition
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

Readings:

Draft chapter of Daniella McCahey’s PhD dissertation, titled: ‘The Oozing Rocks’

Dodds, K. 2002. Pink Ice: Britain and the South Atlantic Empire, Chapter 4.

# Monday 14th November 2016, 1.45pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Film Screening: Halley during the IGY
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

Halley during the IGY, DVD of an 8mm cine film (colour) made by David Tribble, meteorologist there during the 2nd year (to which his son has added a commentary), 110 min long.

# Monday 7th November 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 5 - Geophysics and Bullard Labs
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

This session will take place at the Whipple Museum and will explore the collection of material from Bullard Labs.

Carol Williams, 2009, Madingley Rise and Early Geophysics at Cambridge, Chapter 7: The first decade in Madingley Rise 1956-65.

James Lander, 1979, “The World Data Center System” in Geological Newsletter, IUGS.

Optional reading:
Browne and Cooper, 1950, The British Submarine Gravity Surveys of 1938 and 1946 in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 242, no. 847.

# Monday 31st October 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 4 - Sputnik and space
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

Readings (TBC):

Walter Sullivan, 1961, Assault on the Unknown – part of Chapter 5

The announcement of Sputnik’s launch in the journal Science.

Patrick McCray, 2006, “Amateur Scientists, the International Geophysical Year, and the Ambitions of Fred Whipple

# Monday 24th October 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 3 - the Bryan Harland Collection
Venue: Whipple Museum of the History of Science, Free School Lane

D.E.T. Bidgood and W. B. Harland. 1959. Rock Compass: A new aid for collecting oriented specimens. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America. Vol. 70, pp. 641-644.

R.E. Doel, R.M.Friedman, J. Lajus, S. Sörlin, U Wrakberg. 2014. Strategic Arctic science: national interests in building natural knowledge – interwar era through the Cold War. Journal of Historical Geography 44: 60-80.

This session will take place at the Whipple Museum and will look at the collections of Bryan Harland. Harland was a geologist whose studies of global glaciation laid the groundwork for the snowball earth theory.

# Monday 17th October 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 2 - The Forgotten Expedition
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

The Royal Society expedition

Readings:

Preface and Chapter One from MacDowall, J. 1999. On Floating Ice: Two Years on an Antarctic Ice-shelf South of 75 degrees S

Chapman, S. 1957. The International Geophysical Year in The Advancement of Science (BAAS)

Also recommended viewing:

The Restless Sphere, available on BBC iPlayer

# Monday 10th October 2016, 4.00pm - Speaker to be confirmed
Session 1 - Introduction to the IGY
Venue: Scott Polar Lecture Theatre, Scott Polar Institute

Readings:
Bulkeleey, R. (2010). Origins of the International Geophysical Year in S. Barr and C. Lüdecke, ed. The History of the International Polar Years (IPYs). Berlin: Springer, pp. 235-238

and

Dodds, K., Gan, I. and Howkings, A. (2010). The IPY-3: The International Geophysical Year (1957-1958) in S. Barr and C. Lüdecke, ed. The History of the International Polar Years (IPYs). Berlin: Springer, pp. 235-238

The session will also include a tour of the Polar Museum’s Exhibition ‘Operation Deep Freeze’