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Record #197903:

Occurrence of synoptic flaw leads of sea ice in the Gulf of Finland / Ove Pärn, Jari Haapala.

Title: Occurrence of synoptic flaw leads of sea ice in the Gulf of Finland / Ove Pärn, Jari Haapala.
Author(s): Pärn, Ove.
Haapala, Jari.
Date: 2011.
In: Boreal Environment Research. (2011.), Vol. 16(1) (2011)
Abstract: Analyzes flaw lead occurrence in Gulf of Finland using ice charts of Estonian Meteorological and Hydrological Institute covering years 1971-2007 and Helsinki multi-category sea-ice model. Reports flaw leads formed almost everywhere along fast-ice edge when moderate or strong winds act, with winds from W, NW, N and S sectors generating rather uniform lead pattern, thus facilitating navigation in ice. On average, flaw leads are most common in Estonian coastal region, where occurrence is typically 10%-30%. During severe winters when northerly winds are more frequent flaw leads are also common in Finnish coastal region.
Notes:

Boreal Environment Research. Vol. 16(1) :71-78 (2011).

Keywords: 551.32 -- Glaciology.
551.326 -- Floating ice.
551.326.33 -- Leads.
551.556 -- Wind, effects of.
519.673 -- Modelling.
551.326.124 -- Floating ice, bulletins and charts.
551.326.03 -- Floating ice, forecasting.
656.61.052 -- Seamanship.
E6 -- Glaciology: floating ice.
(*3) -- Arctic regions.
(*61) -- North Atlantic Ocean.
(*611) -- Baltic Sea.
SPRI record no.: 197903

MARCXML

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100 1# ‡aPärn, Ove.
245 10 ‡aOccurrence of synoptic flaw leads of sea ice in the Gulf of Finland /‡cOve Pärn, Jari Haapala.
260 ## ‡a[S.l.] :‡b[s.n.],‡c2011.
300 ## ‡ap. 71-78 :‡bill., diags., table, maps.
500 ## ‡aBoreal Environment Research. Vol. 16(1) :71-78 (2011).
520 3# ‡aAnalyzes flaw lead occurrence in Gulf of Finland using ice charts of Estonian Meteorological and Hydrological Institute covering years 1971-2007 and Helsinki multi-category sea-ice model. Reports flaw leads formed almost everywhere along fast-ice edge when moderate or strong winds act, with winds from W, NW, N and S sectors generating rather uniform lead pattern, thus facilitating navigation in ice. On average, flaw leads are most common in Estonian coastal region, where occurrence is typically 10%-30%. During severe winters when northerly winds are more frequent flaw leads are also common in Finnish coastal region.
650 07 ‡a551.32 -- Glaciology.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.326 -- Floating ice.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.326.33 -- Leads.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.556 -- Wind, effects of.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a519.673 -- Modelling.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.326.124 -- Floating ice, bulletins and charts.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.326.03 -- Floating ice, forecasting.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a656.61.052 -- Seamanship.‡2udc
650 07 ‡aE6 -- Glaciology: floating ice.‡2local
651 #7 ‡a(*3) -- Arctic regions.‡2udc
651 #7 ‡a(*61) -- North Atlantic Ocean.‡2udc
651 #7 ‡a(*611) -- Baltic Sea.‡2udc
700 1# ‡aHaapala, Jari.
773 0# ‡7nnas ‡tBoreal Environment Research. ‡gVol. 16(1) (2011) ‡wSPRI-140857
916 ## ‡a2011/10/12 -- RF
917 ## ‡aUnenhanced record from Muscat, imported 2019
948 3# ‡a20220925 ‡bRF