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Record #195063:

Fluctuations of glaciers of the Central Caucasus and Gora El'brus, with a section on the glaciological disaster in North Osetiya [Ossetia] / V.M. Kotlyakov, O.V. Rototaeva, G.A. Nosenko.

Title: Fluctuations of glaciers of the Central Caucasus and Gora El'brus, with a section on the glaciological disaster in North Osetiya [Ossetia] / V.M. Kotlyakov, O.V. Rototaeva, G.A. Nosenko.
Author(s): Kotlyakov, V. M.
Rototaeva, O. V.
Nosenko, G. A.
Rototayeva, O. V.
Date: 2010.
In: U.S. Geological Survey professional paper. (2010.), Vol. 1386-F (2010)
Abstract: Discusses fluctuations since 1850 of 16 large and 9 smaller glaciers on volcanic massif of Gora El'brus, based on direct observation and remote sensing. Except for early 20th century and period 1987-1997, glaciers generally retreated, punctuated in several cases by surges. Summarizes extremes of retreat observed elsewhere in Central Caucasus during 1987-2004, noting exception of advancing Lednik Mizhirgichiran. Describes catastrophe following collapse of Lednik Kolka, in which ice and water-saturated debris avalanche and subsequent mudflow killed over 100 people. Analyzes space, aerial and surface photography to determine causes and construct probable scenario, involving unstable state of surging glacier, englacial and subglacial water accumulation, and ice and rock collapses overloading upper glacier.
Notes:

U.S. Geological Survey professional paper. Vol. 1386-F :F59-76 (2010).

In issue Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World: Asia, edited by Richard S. Williams and Jane G. Ferrigno.

Keywords: 551.32 -- Glaciology.
551.324 -- Land ice.
551.324.22 -- Glaciers: Kolka.
551.324.22 -- Glaciers: Mizhirgichiran.
551.324.6 -- Land ice, fluctuation.
551.324.63 -- Land ice, advance and retreat.
551.324.65 -- Land ice, surges and catastrophic changes.
528.77 -- Air photographs.
53.087.23 -- Remote sensing.
528.9 -- Cartography.
629.783 -- Satellites.
551.578.48 -- Avalanches.
551.435.627 -- Landslides.
556 -- Hydrology.
551.324.862 -- Jokulhaups.
624.144 -- Damage caused by snow and ice.
E5 -- Glaciology: land ice.
(*501) -- Russia (Federation).
(*535) -- Caucasia and Transcaucasia.
(234.9) -- Caucasus Mountains.
SPRI record no.: 195063

MARCXML

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001 SPRI-195063
005 20220930172158.0
007 ta
008 220930s2010####xx#ab#|##|###|0||#0|eng#d
035 ## ‡aSPRI-195063
040 ## ‡aUkCU-P‡beng‡eaacr
100 1# ‡aKotlyakov, V. M.
245 10 ‡aFluctuations of glaciers of the Central Caucasus and Gora El'brus, with a section on the glaciological disaster in North Osetiya [Ossetia] /‡cV.M. Kotlyakov, O.V. Rototaeva, G.A. Nosenko.
260 ## ‡a[S.l.] :‡b[s.n.],‡c2010.
300 ## ‡ap. F59-76 :‡bill. (some col.), tables, map.
500 ## ‡aU.S. Geological Survey professional paper. Vol. 1386-F :F59-76 (2010).
500 ## ‡aIn issue Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World: Asia, edited by Richard S. Williams and Jane G. Ferrigno.
520 3# ‡aDiscusses fluctuations since 1850 of 16 large and 9 smaller glaciers on volcanic massif of Gora El'brus, based on direct observation and remote sensing. Except for early 20th century and period 1987-1997, glaciers generally retreated, punctuated in several cases by surges. Summarizes extremes of retreat observed elsewhere in Central Caucasus during 1987-2004, noting exception of advancing Lednik Mizhirgichiran. Describes catastrophe following collapse of Lednik Kolka, in which ice and water-saturated debris avalanche and subsequent mudflow killed over 100 people. Analyzes space, aerial and surface photography to determine causes and construct probable scenario, involving unstable state of surging glacier, englacial and subglacial water accumulation, and ice and rock collapses overloading upper glacier.
650 07 ‡a551.32 -- Glaciology.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324 -- Land ice.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324.22 -- Glaciers: Kolka.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324.22 -- Glaciers: Mizhirgichiran.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324.6 -- Land ice, fluctuation.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324.63 -- Land ice, advance and retreat.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324.65 -- Land ice, surges and catastrophic changes.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a528.77 -- Air photographs.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a53.087.23 -- Remote sensing.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a528.9 -- Cartography.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a629.783 -- Satellites.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.578.48 -- Avalanches.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.435.627 -- Landslides.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a556 -- Hydrology.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a551.324.862 -- Jokulhaups.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a624.144 -- Damage caused by snow and ice.‡2udc
650 07 ‡aE5 -- Glaciology: land ice.‡2local
651 #7 ‡a(*501) -- Russia (Federation).‡2udc
651 #7 ‡a(*535) -- Caucasia and Transcaucasia.‡2udc
651 #7 ‡a(234.9) -- Caucasus Mountains.‡2udc
700 1# ‡aRototaeva, O. V.
700 1# ‡aNosenko, G. A.
700 1# ‡aRototayeva, O. V.‡g(alternative name)
773 0# ‡7nnas ‡tU.S. Geological Survey professional paper. ‡gVol. 1386-F (2010) ‡wSPRI-7441
916 ## ‡a2010/10/11 -- RF
917 ## ‡aUnenhanced record from Muscat, imported 2019
948 3# ‡a20220930 ‡bRF