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Record #18582:

Experimental investigations on the respiratory function in diving mammals and birds / P.F. Scholander.

Title: Experimental investigations on the respiratory function in diving mammals and birds / P.F. Scholander.
Author(s): Scholander, P. F.
Date: 1940.
In: Hvalrådets Skrifter. (1940.), Vol. 22 (1940)
Abstract: Investigation extended direct experimental knowledge of diving function of some animals and birds. Problems of interest were how they can stand apnoea so much longer than other animals, and how they avoid caisson disease - gas bubbles in blood and tissue when they emerge from deep dive. Previous results on diving by pigeon, hen, duck, Uria, Mormon, white rat, water rat, rabbit, cat, dog, muskrat, beaver, Halichoerus, blue whale, finback whale, sperm whale, bottlenosed whale, average man, and pearl diver are quoted. Author studied oxygen content of lung, blood and tissue, and metabolism, particularly lactic content. Experiments were performed on seal, beaver, penguin, and domestic duck, and whales were observed. Deep diving is discussed, and harpooned fin whales were observed. A seal forced to dive to 300 m did suffer gas embolism.
Notes:

Hvalrådets Skrifter. Vol. 22 :1-132 (1940).

Keywords: 591.1 -- Animal physiology.
591.11 -- Blood, body fluids and circulation.
591.12 -- Animal respiration.
591.173.5 -- Diving.
598.2 -- Birds.
599 -- Mammalia.
599.1 -- Monotremata.
612.015.3 -- Metabolism.
612.2 -- Respiration.
F -- Biological sciences.
SPRI record no.: 18582

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245 10 ‡aExperimental investigations on the respiratory function in diving mammals and birds /‡cP.F. Scholander.
260 ## ‡a[S.l.] :‡b[s.n.],‡c1940.
300 ## ‡ap. 1-132 :‡bill., diags., tables.
500 ## ‡aHvalrådets Skrifter. Vol. 22 :1-132 (1940).
520 3# ‡aInvestigation extended direct experimental knowledge of diving function of some animals and birds. Problems of interest were how they can stand apnoea so much longer than other animals, and how they avoid caisson disease - gas bubbles in blood and tissue when they emerge from deep dive. Previous results on diving by pigeon, hen, duck, Uria, Mormon, white rat, water rat, rabbit, cat, dog, muskrat, beaver, Halichoerus, blue whale, finback whale, sperm whale, bottlenosed whale, average man, and pearl diver are quoted. Author studied oxygen content of lung, blood and tissue, and metabolism, particularly lactic content. Experiments were performed on seal, beaver, penguin, and domestic duck, and whales were observed. Deep diving is discussed, and harpooned fin whales were observed. A seal forced to dive to 300 m did suffer gas embolism.
650 07 ‡a591.1 -- Animal physiology.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a591.11 -- Blood, body fluids and circulation.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a591.12 -- Animal respiration.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a591.173.5 -- Diving.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a598.2 -- Birds.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a599 -- Mammalia.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a599.1 -- Monotremata.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a612.015.3 -- Metabolism.‡2udc
650 07 ‡a612.2 -- Respiration.‡2udc
650 07 ‡aF -- Biological sciences.‡2local
773 0# ‡7nnas ‡tHvalrådets Skrifter. ‡gVol. 22 (1940) ‡wSPRI-14575
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