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Record #153751:

Them historical and cultural fate of the Neiden Siida as well as the developmental aspects of customary rights, legal conceptions and application of resources in the Skolt Saami area in Sør-Varanger / Mikit Ivanowitz.

Title: Them historical and cultural fate of the Neiden Siida as well as the developmental aspects of customary rights, legal conceptions and application of resources in the Skolt Saami area in Sør-Varanger / Mikit Ivanowitz.
Author(s): Ivanowitz, Mikit.
Date: 1999.
Publisher: Tromsø: Centre for Saami Studies, UiT
In: On customary law and the Saami rights process in Norway. (1999.),
Abstract: Skolt are indigenous people in district and on Kola, with culture reckoned to be original for Saami. Power politics, social Darwinism, Russian revolution and WW2 brought dramatic changes. Neiden siida was split by 1826 frontier, with population left on Norwegian side. Later eastern part was ethnically cleansed to Nellim- amd Sevetti-järvi region in Finland and to Lovozero on Kola. After frontier definition, Skolt established new form of reindeer herding which increased in content. Herding with fjord fishing and fishing in Neiden river became important elements in all eastern Saami's economy until WW2. Mechanisation in 1960s closed down farming. Most Neiden Skolts live off social benefits today. Settlements have been used all year round for centuries. Settlement, subsistence salmon fishery in Skoltefoss and St George's Chapel have been strong symbols stamping Skolt identity in Norway. Author, Skolt, describes pejorative use of "Skolt" which led to new names and apparent disappearnce of group.
Notes:

In: On customary law and the Saami rights process in Norway / Tom G. Svensson, ed.

Keywords: 39 -- Ethnography: Saami.
342.72/.73 -- Civil rights.
J -- Social sciences.
(*3) -- Arctic regions.
(*55) -- European Arctic.
SPRI record no.: 153751

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245 10 ‡aThem historical and cultural fate of the Neiden Siida as well as the developmental aspects of customary rights, legal conceptions and application of resources in the Skolt Saami area in Sør-Varanger /‡cMikit Ivanowitz.
260 ## ‡aTromsø :‡bCentre for Saami Studies, UiT,‡c1999.
300 ## ‡ap. 181-198.
500 ## ‡aIn: On customary law and the Saami rights process in Norway / Tom G. Svensson, ed.
520 3# ‡aSkolt are indigenous people in district and on Kola, with culture reckoned to be original for Saami. Power politics, social Darwinism, Russian revolution and WW2 brought dramatic changes. Neiden siida was split by 1826 frontier, with population left on Norwegian side. Later eastern part was ethnically cleansed to Nellim- amd Sevetti-järvi region in Finland and to Lovozero on Kola. After frontier definition, Skolt established new form of reindeer herding which increased in content. Herding with fjord fishing and fishing in Neiden river became important elements in all eastern Saami's economy until WW2. Mechanisation in 1960s closed down farming. Most Neiden Skolts live off social benefits today. Settlements have been used all year round for centuries. Settlement, subsistence salmon fishery in Skoltefoss and St George's Chapel have been strong symbols stamping Skolt identity in Norway. Author, Skolt, describes pejorative use of "Skolt" which led to new names and apparent disappearnce of group.
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650 07 ‡a342.72/.73 -- Civil rights.‡2udc
650 07 ‡aJ -- Social sciences.‡2local
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651 #7 ‡a(*55) -- European Arctic.‡2udc
773 0# ‡7nnam ‡aTom G. Svensson, ed. ‡tOn customary law and the Saami rights process in Norway. ‡dTromsø : Centre for Saami Studies, UiT, 1999. ‡wSPRI-153370
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