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SPRI Polar Directory

Organisations

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There are 101 entries in the organisations directory for International:

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AEPS Indigenous Peoples' Secretariat (IPS)

Website: www.arcticpeoples.org
Address: PO Box 2151, Pilestraede 52, DK-1112 Copenhagen, Denmark
Telephone: +45-33-13-61-72
Fax: +45-33-13-62-45
Year of foundation: 1994
Activities: Established to support indigenous participation in the future work of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy.

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Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC)

Website: www.asoc.org
Address: Australia: GPO Box 51, Balmain, 2041 New South Wales 2041. New Zealand: PO Box 11057, Wellington. United States: 424 C St. NE, Washington, DC 20002, USA
Telephone: +1-202-544-0236
Fax: +1-202-544-8483
Activities: Association of organizations concerned with environmental issues in these regions. Members include Greenpeace and the Antarctica Project in addition to other environmental groups. Has recognized NGO status at the United Nations.
Publications: Antarctica Briefing (1984-); ASOC Information Papers (1989-)

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Antarctic Connection

Website: www.antarcticconnection.com

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Arctic Council

Website: www.arctic-council.org
Address: Secretariat, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Unit for the Northern Dimension, PO Box 176, FIN-00161 Helsinki, Finland
Telephone: +358-9-1341-6187

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Arctic Medical Research Secretariat

Website: http://arcticcentre.urova.fi/polarweb/polar/lbfincam.htm
Address: Aapistie 1, FIN-90220 Oulu, Finland
Telephone: +358-81-537-6201
Fax: +358-81-537-6203
Year of foundation: 1969 [founded as the Nordic Council for Arctic Medical Research]
Activities: Facilitates cooperation between circumpolar countries in matters concerning medical research and public health.
Publications: Arctic medical bibliography (Soini and Leppaluoto, 1982); Arctic Medical Research (1983-) [continues Nordic Council for Arctic Medical Research. Report (1972-82)]; Bibliography on Arctic medical research in the USSR (Kaznacheev et al, 1985); Greenland medical bibliography (Andersen, 1981 and 1983); The health of the Inuit of North America. A bibliography 1576-1990 (Fortuine, 1993)

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Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP)

Website: www.amap.no
Address: Secretariat, Stroemsveien 96, PO Box 8100, N-0302 Oslo, Norway
Telephone: +47-23-24-16-30 / 16-35
Fax: +47-22-67-67-06
Year of foundation: 1991
Activities: AMAP is a programme of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy concerned with the measurement of levels, and assessment of effects, of anthropogenic pollutants in all components of the Arctic environment, including humans.
Publications: Report Series (1993-); <a href="http://www.amap.no/pd2000.htm">AMAP Project Directory</a>

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Arctic Ocean Sciences Board (AOSB)

Website: www.aosb.org
Address: Secretariat, c/o Directorate for Geosciences, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Rm. 1070, Arlington, VA 22230, USA
Telephone: +1-703-306-0892 or -1516
Fax: +1-703-306-0091
Year of foundation: 1984
Activities: Promotes ongoing and proposed national and international scientific activities in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas.
Publications: Arctic Ocean Sciences Board. Report of the ..th Meeting (annual); News from the AOSB (1993-)

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Barentssekretariatet [Barents Secretariat]

[Barents Secretariat]
Website: www.barents.no
Address: Wiullsgate 3/5, PO Box 276, N-9901 Kirkenes, Norway
Telephone: +47-78-99-37-58
Fax: +47-78-99-32-25
Year of foundation: 1993
Activities: Secretariat to the Barents Collaboration Project which was established to promote international collaboration and environmental protection in the Barents region and adjacent Arctic areas (Finnmark, Troms and Nordland - Norway; Norbotten Lan - Sweden; Lapland - Finland; and Murmansk Oblast, the Karelian Republic and Arkhangelsk Oblast - Russian Federation). Administrative organ serving the Council of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region.
Publications: Barents Dialog (1993-)

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Circumpolar Agricultural Association (CAC)

Address: c/o Dr Thorsteinn Tomasson, RALA, Keldnaholti, IS-112 Rejkyavik, Iceland
Year of foundation: 1996
Activities: Consists of agricultural researchers, educators, policy makers, and producers from all of the circumpolar nations. Its main function is to sponsor the Circumpolar Agricultural Conference (held every three years), and to foster information exchange among those working in agriculture in the circumpolar north.

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Circumpolar Conservation Union (CCU)

Address: 1615 M Street NW, 2nd Floor, Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: +1-202-429-7440
Fax: +1-202-429-7444
Activities: Mission is to protect the ecological and cultural integrity of the Arctic for present and future generations. CCU is an accredited Observer to the Arctic Council, and will continue and expand efforts to encourage Arctic nations to quickly ratify the Persistent Organic Pollutant Convention. CCU also works to bring a northern perspective and indigenous voices to the debate over the impacts of global change.

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Circumpolar Coping Processes Project

Website: www.uit.no/MostCCPP
Address: Secretariat, MOST CCPP, Dept. of Community and Planning Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tromso, N-9037 Tromso, Norway
Telephone: +47-77-64-55-21
Fax: +47-77-64-64-7
Year of foundation: 1996
Activities: Project forms part of UNESCO's MOST programme (Management of Social Transformation). With participants from nine circumpolar countries, the project's aim is to identify coping processes in the Arctic periphery. The network supports both joint research and the presentation and exchange of research results through workshops and conferences.

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Circumpolar Universities Association (CUA)

Website: www.arctic.uit.no/cua.html
Address: Secretariat, University of Lapland, International Relations, PO Box 122, FIN-96101 Rovaniemi, Finland
Telephone: +358-60-324-208
Fax: +358-60-324-207
Year of foundation: 1992
Activities: Organizes Circumpolar Universities Cooperation Conferences designed to bring together representatives of universities with polar interests, especially those of the eight Arctic-rim countries and, among these, especially universities and colleges located in the North.
Publications: Newsletter; conference proceedings

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Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)

Website: www.ccamlr.org
Address: 25 Old Wharf, Hobart, Tasmania 7000, Australia
Telephone: +61-02-31-0366
Fax: +61-02-23-2714
Year of foundation: 1982
Activities: Regulation of all existing, new and exploratory fisheries in the CCAMLR Convention Area; operation of the CCAMLR System of Inspection and the CCAMLR Scheme of International Scientific Observation; fisheries, predator and environmental data held at the CCAMLR Data Centre; Scientific Working Groups on Fish Stock Assessment, and Ecosystem Monitoring and Management; activities coordinated by a Commission and a Scientific Committee; operation of the CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program (CEMP).
Publications: CCAMLR Basic Documents; CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program Standard Methods (1992-); CCAMLR Newsletter (1984-, annual); CCAMLR Science (1994-, annual) [continues Scientific Committee for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. Selected Scientific Papers (1982/84-93)]; CCAMLR Scientific Abstracts (1992-, annual); Report of the ... Meeting of the Commission (1982-, annual); Report of the ... Meeting of the Scientific Committee (1982-, annual); Statistical Bulletin (1990-, annual)

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Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

Website: www.caff.is
Address: CAFF International Secretariat, S. Baldursson, Hafnarstraeti 97, PO Box 375, 600 Akureyri, Iceland
Fax: +354-462-3390
Activities: CAFF is a programme of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy concerned with assembling and correlating, on a circumpolar basis, the available information on the present status of Arctic wildlife and vegetation, with identifying major threats from natural or human causes, and with developing priorities for cooperative international action to address the most serious threats to Arctic ecosystems and habitats. An essential part of CAFF is the use of the traditional ecological knowledge of indigenous peoples to achieve more effective long-term management of Arctic living resources.
Publications: CAFF Newsletter (1995-, 4pa); Circumpolar Seabird Bulletin (1994-); Newsletter (1995-); Reports (1994-)

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Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programmes (COMNAP)

Website: www.comnap.aq
Address: COMNAP Secretariat, 2000 Florida Av. NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA
Telephone: +1-202-939-3218
Fax: +1-202-328-0566
Year of foundation: 1988
Activities: Holds annual meetings of the National Antarctic managers and operators to discuss and review operational matters and seek solutions to common operational problems; to liaise with SCAR on matters of operations and logistics in support of science, particularly international collaborative programmes. See also SCALOP.

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Environment Northern Seas Foundation (ENS)

Website: http://eco-web.com/register/00448.html
Address: Stavanger College - bldg: "Servicebygget", Telegrafdir, Heftyesvei 39, N-4020 Stavanger, Norway
Telephone: +47-51-870050
Fax: +47-51-550525
Activities: Non-profit organization established by Norwegian government and commercial bodies with the co-sponsorship of European and international agencies. Holds international conferences and exhibitions (1991-, biennial).
Publications: conference proceedings; ENS Newsletter

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European Cetacean Society

Website: http://web.inter.nl.net/users/J.W.Broekema/ecs/
Address: Secretary: Genevieve Desportes, Natturugripasavn, Natural History Museum, Futalag 40, 100 Torshavn, Faroe Island
Year of foundation: 1989
Activities: European Science Foundation and European Commission joint committee with responsibilities for the development of a long-term European strategy in marine and polar research and the promotion of major European projects in ocean and polar studies.
Publications: European Research on Cetaceans - European Committee on Ocean and Polar Sciences (ECOPS), European Science Foundation, 1 Quai Lezay-Marnesia, F-67080 Strasbourg, Cedex, France

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European Ozone Research Coordinating Unit

Website: www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk
Address: British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Rd., Cambridge CB3 0ET, England
Telephone: +44-1223-251632
Fax: +44-1223-467390
Year of foundation: 1989
Activities: Aids coordination of European research projects in stratospheric ozone for both European Commission and national programmes. Major programmes to date are the European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment (EASOE) and the Second European Arctic Mid-latitude Experiment (SESAME).

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European Science Foundation (ESF)

Website: www.esf.org
Address: Ocean & Polar Secretariat, 1 quai Lezay-Marnesia, F-67080 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Telephone: +33-88-76-71-00
Fax: +33-88-37-05-32
Year of foundation: 1974 [Ocean & Polar Secreariat established 1994]
Activities: Association of 56 member research councils and academics in 20 countries advancing European cooperation in basic research and offering advice on science policy and strategy at a European level. Has funded several major polar research programmes including the Greenland Icecore Project (GRIP), Polar North Atlantic Margins (PONAM), the European Ice Sheet Modelling Initiative (EISMINT), and the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA). Maintains numerous scientific networks including Polar Science (EPOS) and Fishes of the Antarctic Ocean. ECOPS is an ESF / European Commission joint committee.
Publications: Communications

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FARO-Forum of Antarctic Research Operators

Website: www.iasc.no/faro
Address: The Forum of Arctic Research Operators (FARO) aims to encourage, facilitate and optimise logistics and operational support for scientific research in the Arctic, through international collaboration for all those involved in Arctic research

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Foreningen for Nordatlantiske Studier (FNS) [Center for North Atlantic Studies]

[Center for North Atlantic Studies]
Website: www.hum.au.dk/cnatlant/cns.htm
Address: c/o Centre for North Atlantic Studies, Finlandsgade 26, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmar
Activities: Seeks to promote general interest in the North Atlantic region by organising lectures and publications, and by distributing information among members concerning this region.
Publications: CNS Newsletter (1988-); North Atlantic Monographs (1990-); North Atlantic Studies (1989-)

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Greenpeace International

Website: www.greenpeace.org
Address: Keizersgracht 176, 1016 DW Amsterdam, The Netherlands New Zealand: Private Bag, Wellesley St., Auckland
Telephone: +64-9-377-6128
Fax: +64-9-303-2676. USA: 1436 U St., N.W., Washington, DC 2000
Activities: As part of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition has carried out anti-whaling activities from its polar vessel MV Gondwana and mounted the Greenpeace Antarctica Campaign to preserve Antarctica as a World Park. This included several Antarctic expeditions in the late 1980s and early 1990s to monitor waste-disposal from scientific stations. Its principal Arctic activities are campaigns against whaling, sealing and the fur trade.
Publications: Antarctica Briefing (1984-)

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High North Alliance

Website: www.highnorth.no
Address: N-8390 Reine I Lofoten, Norway
Telephone: +47-76-09-24-14
Fax: +47-76-09-24-50
Activities: NGO campaigning for right of northern coastal communities to utilize marine mammals sustainably.
Publications: High North News; reports

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ICE Geneva

Address: International Committee for Cryosphere Ecosystems, c/o Dennis Thompson, 8 rue des Belles Filles, CH-1299 Crans, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-776-1687
Fax: +41-22-776-7303
Year of foundation: 1993
Activities: Tracks political, scientific and environmental developments in the cryospheric regions with the purpose of preserving natural ecosystems; appreciating the rights and concerns of indigenous peoples; identifying elements likely to lead to global change; and proposing policies to assist in preserving the environment of which the cryosphere forms an essential element.

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Indigenous Survival International (ISI)

Website: www.survival-international.org
Address: ISI-Alaska, PO Box 200908, Anchorage, AK 99520
Telephone: +299-23000
Fax: +299-25080/24704
Year of foundation: 1984
Activities: Alliance of indigenous peoples from Alaska, Canada and Greenland which promotes the rights of indigenous peoples to the sustainable use of renewable living resources and to access the markets for these products. A General Assembly is held every three years.

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Institut International du Froid (IIF) / International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR)

Website: www.iifiir.org
Address: 177 blvd. Malesherbes, F-75017 Paris, France
Telephone: +33-1-42-27-32-35
Fax: +33-1-47-63-17-98
Year of foundation: 1908
Publications: Bulletin (1910-, 6pa); International Journal of Refrigeration (1978-, 8pa); Proceedings of Commission Meetings (1952-)

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Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)

Website: http://ioc.unesco.org
Address: c/o UNESCO, 7 Place de Fontenoy, F-75700 Paris, France
Year of foundation: 1960
Activities: Promotes the scientific study of the oceans. Provides a focus for intergovernmental aspects of several international programmes with significant polar components, e.g. the International Arctic Buoy Program (IABP), the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO), etc.

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International Antarctic Centre (IAC)

Website: www.iceberg.co.nz
Address: Orchard Rd., Christchurch International Airport, Christchurch, New Zealand
Activities: Houses Antarctica New Zealand, the International Centre for Antarctic Information and Research, the Antarctic Heritage Trust, and the Antarctic Visitor Centre. Also houses logistics offices for the US National Science Foundation, US Naval Support Unit and Italian Antarctic Programme.

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International Arctic Research Center (IARC)

Website: www.iarc.uaf.edu
Address: University of Alaska Fairbanks 930 Koyukuk Dr., PO Box 757340, Fairbanks, AK 99775, US
Telephone: +1-907-474-7176
Fax: +1-907-474-5662

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International Arctic Science Committee - Global Change Programme Office (IASC-GCPO)

Address: Arctic Centre, PO Box 122, FIN-96100 Rovaniemi, Finland
Telephone: +358-60-324-754/771
Fax: +358-60-324-760
Year of foundation: 1994
Activities: Provides support to the IASC Global Change Research Programme (IASC/GCRP) and assists in the implementation of decisions relating to it; compiles and assesses planned or ongoing activities relevant to the work of IASC/GCRP; liaises with other national and international global change research programmes in relation to the Arctic; and seeks to build a network of institutions actively involved in Arctic global change research.

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International Arctic Science Committee (IASC)

Website: www.iasc.no
Address: Secretariat, PO Box 5156 Majorstua, N-0302 Oslo, Norway
Telephone: +47-22-95-99-00
Fax: +47-22-95-99-0
Year of foundation: 1990
Activities: Non-governmental organization which seeks to encourage, facilitate and promote basic and applied interdisciplinary research in or concerned with the Arctic at a circumpolar or international level; and to provide scientific advice on Arctic issues.
Publications: Acronyms and abbreviations for the polar science community (1994); IASC Digest (1992-, annual); IASC Progress (1991-); IASC Reports (1994-). Maintains SAM - Survey of Arctic Meetings database accessible via <a href="http://www.iasc.no/SAM/samtext.htm">http://www.iasc.no/SAM/samtext.htm</a> or via robot@npolar.no

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International Arctic Social Sciences Association (IASSA)

Website: www.uaf.edu/anthro/iassa/
Address: Secretariat, Department of Eskimology, Strandgade 100 H, DK-1401 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Telephone: +45-32-880100
Fax: +45-32-880161
Year of foundation: 1990
Activities: Promotes and stimulates social science research in the Arctic and sub-Arctic. Holds the International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences (ICASS) (1992-). Has Standing Advisory role to IASC for the human and social sciences. IASSA.NET electronic bulletin board available on INTERNET.
Publications: IASSA Newsletter (1992-); Topics in Arctic Social Sciences (1993-)

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International Association for Hydraulic Research (IAHR)

Website: http://almeria.cedex.es/IAHR
Address: Division III, Section 4: Ice Research and Engineering, Rotterdamseweg 185, PO Box 177, NL-2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands
Telephone: +31-15-569-353
Fax: +31-15-619-674
Year of foundation: 1959
Activities: Promotes collaboration and information exchange in research relating to river, lake and sea ice. 5 Working Groups: Ice Forces on Structures; Ice Modelling Materials; River Ice Hydraulics; Testing Methods in Ice; and Thermal Regimes. IAHR has organized International Ice Symposia since 1970, usually on a biennial basis.
Publications: Conference proceedings - published by organizers (1970-); Newsletter (2pa); Special Publications; Working Group Reports

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International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO)

Website: www.iaato.org
Address: Office of the Secretariat, PO Box 2178, Basalt, CO 81621, USA
Telephone: +1-970-704-1047
Fax: +1-970-704-9660
Year of foundation: 1991
Activities: Founded to advocate, promote and practice safe and environmentally responsible private-sector travel to the Antarctic.
Publications: IAATO News

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International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS)

Website: www.cig.ensmp.fr/~iahs
Address: Secretary General IAHS, Rozendaalselaan 36, 6881 LD Velp, The Netherlands IAHS Press, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, UK
Telephone: +44-1491-838800
Fax: +44-1491-832256
Year of foundation: 1922
Activities: International non-governmental organization dealing with hydrology and water resources, including snow and ice. Publications available from IAHS Press.
Publications: Hydrological Sciences Journal (1982-, 6pa) [continues Hydrological Sciences Bulletin (1972-81) and IASH Bulletin (1956-71)]; IAHS Publication; Proceedings and Reports (5-10 pa); Special Publications (1989-) [continues Monographs and Reports]

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International Association of Northern Studies Programs

Website: www.uaf.edu/northern
Address: Northern Studies Program, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
Telephone: +1-907-474-5266
Year of foundation: 1992
Activities: Established to undertake, on a collaborative basis, programming initiatives such as curriculum development, course delivery and other student-centred activities focusing on the study of the North.

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International Commission on Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions

Address: c/o Dr A. Eraso, Catedra de Hidrogeologia, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Minas, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, c/ Rios Rosas 21, 28003 Madrid.
Telephone: +34-1-3366456/3366978
Fax: +34-1-3366977/3367068
Year of foundation: 1989 [until 1993, International Working Group on Glacier Caves and ... ]
Activities: Organizes international glaciological expeditions and holds biennial symposia (1990-).
Publications: conference proceedings

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International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI)

Website: http://geowww.uibk.ac.at/research/icsi/
Address: International Association of Hydrological Science
Year of foundation: 1939 [Until 1948, International Commission of Snow and Glaciers]
Activities: Coordinates and implements snow and ice related projects within international programmes such as the International Hydrological Programme and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. Operates chiefly through working groups (constituted for four year periods) and four divisions: Seasonal Snow Cover and Avalanches; Glaciers and Ice Sheets; River, Lake, and Sea Ice; and Ice as a Material. Manages the World Glacier Monitoring Service.
Publications: Avalanche atlas

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International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)

Website: www.ices.dk
Address: Palaegade 2-4, DK-1261 Copenhagen K, Denmar
Year of foundation: 1902
Activities: The oldest intergovernmental organization concerned with marine and fisheries science; established to promote, encourage, develop and coordinate marine research, and to provide scientific advice to member governments and regulatory commissions.
Publications: An annotated bibliography of the pinnipedia; Bulletin Statistique (1906-, annual); Cooperative Research Report (1962-); Journal du Conseil (1926-91); Rapports et Proces-Verbaux des Reunions (1903-)

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International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU)

Website: www.icsu.org
Address: 51 boulevard de Montmorency, 75016 Paris, France
Telephone: +33-1-4525-0329
Fax: +33-1-4288-9431
Year of foundation: 1931
Activities: Non-governmental organization founded to bring together natural scientists in international endeavour. In addition to national membership, members include currently 23 international scientific unions, e.g. International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS), and the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG). Polar and cold regions organizations within the 'ICSU family' include the International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI), the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) and the World Data Centres for Glaciology, A-D.
Publications: International lexicon of Antarctic stratigraphic nomenclature (Tingey); Science international: a history of the International Council of Scientific Unions (Greenaway, 1996); Science International (1990-, 4pa) [continues ICSU Newsletter (1981-90) and ICSU Bulletin (1964-80)]

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International Geographical Union (IGU)

Website: www.igu-net.org
Address: Commission on the Significance of Periglacial Phenomen
Publications: Advances in periglacial geomorphology

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International Glaciological Society (IGS)

Website: www.igsoc.org
Address: c/o Scott Polar Research Institute, Lensfield Rd., Cambridge CB2 1ER, England
Telephone: +44-1223-355974
Fax: +44-1223-336543
Year of foundation: 1936 [adopted present title in 1971. Formerly Association for the Study of Snow and Ice, 1936-45; British Glaciological Society, 1945-62; Glaciological Society, 1962-71]
Activities: The leading international learned society for the study of snow and ice in all its forms. Seeks to stimulate interest in and encourage research into the scientific and technical problems of snow and ice in all countries; and to facilitate and increase the flow of glaciological ideas and information. Sponsors lectures, field meetings and symposia. Awards the Seligman Crystal for outstanding contributions to glaciology.
Publications: Annals of Glaciology (1980-, 1-2pa); Ice (1958-, 3pa); The International Glaciological Society: fifty years of progress (Wood, 1986); Journal of Glaciology (1947-, 3pa); Reports to Members (1949-58)

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International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)

Website: www.iho.shom.fr
Address: International Hydrographic Bureau, 4 quai Antoine 1er, MC 98011 Monaco Cedex, Principality of. Monaco
Telephone: +377-93-10-81-00
Fax: +377-93-25-20-03
Year of foundation: 1919
Activities: International agency with responsibilities for the coordination and standardization of hydrographic surveying and charting activities. A IHO Permanent Working Group on Cooperation in Antarctica was set up in 1992 and liases with SCAR-COMNAP and the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings.
Publications: International Hydrographic Bulletin (1928-, 12pa); International Hydrographic Review (1923-, 2pa); Yearbook (1928-)

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International Ice Patrol (IIP)

Website: www.uscg.mil/lantarea/iip/
Address: Cominticepat, Avery Point, 1082 Shennecossett Rd., Groton, CN 06340, USA
Telephone: +1-203-441-2626
Fax: +1-203-441-2773
Year of foundation: 1913, following the sinking of RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912.
Activities: Internationally funded organization responsible for monitoring the distribution and movement of sea ice and icebergs in the North Atlantic. Ice Bulletin broadcast twice daily by radio, and once daily as radio facsimile chart via HF facsimile. Library.
Publications: International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean (1914-, annual)

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International Mountain Society

Address: c/o Department of Geography, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Publications: World Mountain Network Newsletter

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International Network for Whaling Research (INWR)

Website: www.ualberta.ca/~inwr
Address: c/o Canadian Circumpolar Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E2, Canada
Telephone: +1-403-492-4682
Fax: +1-403-492-5273
Year of foundation: 1991
Activities: Provides information to those interested in whaling in its various forms (in prehistory, history and contemporary times), including managers and policy analysts concerned with the use of natural resource. Network members sponsor workshops, conferences and occasional meetings, often in association with scholarly meetings within their disciplinary research areas.
Publications: INWR Digest (1992-, 3pa).

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International Northern Sea Route Programme (INSROP)

Website: www.fni.no/insrop
Address: Secretariat, Fridtjof Nansens Institutt (FNI), Polhogda vei 17, PO Box 326, Fridtjof Nansens, N-1324 Lysaker
Telephone: +47-67-538912
Fax: +47-67-125047

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International Permafrost Association (IPA)

Website: www.geo.uio.no/IPA
Year of foundation: 1983
Activities: Non-governmental organization established to foster the dissemination of knowledge concerning permafrost, seasonal frost, artificial ground freezing, and periglacial phenomena. Maintains the Global Geocryological Database (GGD) to identify and describe relevant data sets wherever held. Convenes the International Conference on Permafrost (1963-) at five year intervals.
Publications: Frozen Ground (1986-, 2pa); Multi-lingual glossary of permafrost and related ground ice conditions (Van Everdingen, 1994); Circumpolar map of the permafrost and ground ice conditions (1995)

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International Polar Foundation

Website: www.polarfoundation.org
Address: The International Polar Foundation (IPF) aims to inform the public about research carried out in the Polar Regions and its contribution to understanding climate change. It also seeks to raise awareness of the Polar Regions' fragility and the need to protect them - both for science and as humankind's common heritage. The Foundation acts as a medium for communication between the general public and the scientific research community (on polar science and climate change in particular).

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International Society for Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering

Website: www.issmge.org
Address: Technical Committee on Frost secretary is S. Saarelainen, Finland date of foundation (of Technical Committee): 198
Activities: Promotes cooperation and exchange of information on frost in geotechnical engineering, liaises with other international bodies (especially the International Permafrost Association and the International Symposium on Ground Freezing), organizes the International Symposium on Frost in Geotechnical Engineering.
Publications: Frost in Geotechnical Engineering

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International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)

Website: www.isope.org
Address: PO Box 189, Cupertino, CA 95015, USA
Telephone: +1-408-980-1784
Fax: +1-408-980-1787
Year of foundation: 1989
Activities: Organizes the annual International Offshore and Polar Engineering conference (1990-).
Publications: International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (1991-, 4pa); Proceedings (1991-, annual)

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International Tundra Experiment (ITEX)

Website: www.systbot.gu.se/research/itex/itex.html
Address: Secretariat, Dansk Polarcenter, Strandgade 100 H, DK-1401 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Telephone: +45-32-88-01-18
Fax: +45-32-88-01-01
Year of foundation: 1990
Activities: International research programme with research teams from 11 countries working at 25 different circumpolar stations. Monitors and simulates the impacts of climatic change on tundra vegetation through the observation and manipulation of Arctic plants.
Publications: ITEX Newsletter (1991-); ITEX manual (1993); ITEX Update (1991-)

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International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA)

Website: http://inqua.nlh.no
Address: Secretariat, S. Haldorsen, Agricultural University of Norway, Dept. of Soil and Water Sciences, PO Box 5028, N-1432 As, Norway

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International Union of Circumpolar Health (IUCH)

Website: www.iuch.org
Address: IUCH Secretariat, PO Box 212001, Anchorage, AK 99521, USA
Telephone: +1-907-786-1275
Fax: +1-907-786-6166
Year of foundation: 1981
Activities: Promotes international cooperation in the study of circumpolar health, encourages research and the exchange of information, promotes public awareness and provides a means of communication with other organizations. Standing Advisory role to IASC for the medical and health sciences.
Publications: Arctic Medical Research (1983-)

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International Whaling Commission (IWC)

Website: www.iwcoffice.org
Address: Red House, Station Rd., Histon, Cambridge CB4 4NP, England
Telephone: +44-1223-233971
Fax: +44-1223-232876
Year of foundation: 1946
Activities: Responsible for implementing the 1946 International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling. Its explicit objectives are to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and the orderly development of the whaling industry.
Publications: Historical whaling records including the proceedings of the International Workshop on Historical Whaling Records, Sharon, Massachusetts, September 12-16, 1977 (Tillman and Donovan, 1983); Reports (1950-, annual); Special Issues (1977-).

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International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA)

Website: www.iwgia.org
Address: Fiostraede 10, DK-1171 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Telephone: +45-33-12-47-24
Fax: +45-33-14-77-49
Year of foundation: 1968
Activities: A politically independent organization with NGO status at the United Nations. Documents, publishes and informs about the worldwide situation of indigenous peoples, including those living in the Arctic and sub-Arctic. Library
Publications: Indigenous Affairs (1994-, 4pa) [continues IWGIA Newsletter (1985-94)]; Indigenous World (1994-, annual) [continues IWGIA Yearbook (1986-93)]

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Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC)

Website: www.inuit.org
Address: Calais Building #1, 3201 "C" St., Suite 608, Anchorage, AK 99503, USA
Telephone: +1-907-563-6917
Fax: +1-907-562-0880
Year of foundation: 1977
Activities: International organization representing the Inuit of Greenland, Canada, Alaska, and Chukotka, Russia. Promotes Inuit rights and concerns on a variety of issues, works at an international level to design and implement measures designed to ensure long-term protection for the benefit of indigenous peoples. Has non-government-observer status at the United Nations; is a participating organization in the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy. Holds a triennial general assembly to discuss Inuit issues and plan activities.
Publications: Inuit Tusaataat (irregular)
Notes:

ICC Canada: 170 Laurier St, Suite 504, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0A0; telephone: +1-613-563-2642; fax: +1-613-565-3089. ICC Greenland: PO Box 204, Kujallerpaat 6, 3900 Nuuk; telephone: +299-23632; fax: +299-23001. ICC Chukotka, Provideniya, Chukotka 686910, Russia; telephone/fax: +7-095-2-3647; fax: +7-095-2-2172

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IUCN - The World Conservation Union

Website: www.iucn.org
Address: Rue Mauverney 28, CH-1196, Gland, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-999-0001
Fax: ++44 (1223) 277-84
Year of foundation: 1948
Activities: Seeks to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. Publications available from IUCN Publications Services Unit.
Publications: 1948-1992 (Grose, 1993); Oil and gas exploration and production in Arctic and sub-Arctic onshore regions (1993); Red Data Books; and other series.

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Joint Oceanographic Institutions

Website: www.joi-odp.org
Address: Inc., 1755 Massachusetts Av. NW, Suite 800, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Telephone: +1-202-232-3900
Fax: +1-202-232-8203
Activities: International association of universities and research institutes for deep earth sampling primarily through the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). Operates research vessel JOIDES Resolution.
Publications: JOIDES Journal (1975-, 3pa); JOIDES Journal Special Issues (1976-); ODP Scientific Reports

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Lapin Sivistysseura ry / Saami Cuvgehussearvi / Forening for Samisk Kulturvard [Society for the Promotion of Saami Culture]

[Society for the Promotion of Saami Culture]
Address: Osoite, Tunturikatu 6 A 19, FIN-00100 Helsinki, Finland
Telephone: +358-0-409-228
Year of foundation: 1932
Activities: Supports the Saami's struggle towards cultural, social and economic equality through active participation in Scandinavian Saami affairs, publication of Saami literature, provision of information about the Saami, and the organization of exhibitions and lectures.
Publications: Sapmelas (1979-93) [formerly Sabmelas (1969-78)]

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MAB/Northern Sciences Network

Website: www.dpc.dk/NSNITEX
Address: Secretariat, Dansk Polarcenter, Strandgade 100 H, DK-1401 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Telephone: +45-32-88-01-18
Fax: +45-32-88-01-01
Year of foundation: 1982
Activities: The Northern Sciences Network (NSN) is an activity under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. All northern countries have active MAB programmes, organized through national committees. The NSN Secretariat acts as a communication and information exchange centre for northern activities and provides linkage between NSN and UNESCO headquarters and other regional MAB activities in other parts of the world. The Secretariat rotates among the member countries at five year intervals and will be in Denmark until 1998 (previously located at Rovaniemi, 1989-93; and Ottawa, 1984-88). Maintains a database of research sites, scientific stations and protected areas throughout the Circumpolar North.
Publications: Newsletter (1983-, 2pa)

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Man and the Biosphere Program

Website: www.unesco.org/mab
Address: Directorate on High Latitude Ecosystems, US MAB Secretariat, OES/EGC/MAB, Department of State, Washington, DC 20522, USA
Telephone: +1-202-466-1935
Fax: +1-202-466-2106
Year of foundation: 1972 [Directorate of High Latitude Ecosystems set up ca. 1990]
Activities: Seeks to enhance understanding and rational management of resources and ecosystems in circumpolar and high-latitude regions in order to sustain the biology and welfare of these areas and their inhabitants.
Publications: US MAB Bulletin (1972-, 4pa)

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Minority Rights Group (MRG)

Website: www.minorityrights.org
Address: 379 Brixton Rd., London SW9 7DE, England
Telephone: +44-171-978-9498
Fax: +44-171-738-6265
Activities: International research, education and information unit which aims to secure justice for minority and majority groups suffering discrimination and prejudice.
Publications: Native peoples of the Russian Far North (Vakhtin, 1992); Polar peoples: self-determination and development (1994)

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Natur og Folk i Nord [Nature and Peoples of the North]

[Nature and Peoples of the North]
Address: c/o Arctic Information, Moentergade 16, DK-1116 Copenhagen K
Telephone: +45-33-13-02-92
Fax: +45-33-32-09-92

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Nordic Arctic Research Forum (NARF)

Website: www.thule.oulu.fi/narp
Address: Copenhagen Business School, Institute of Economics, Nansengade 19, 5, DK-1366 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Telephone: +45-38-15-25-75
Fax: +45-38-15-25-7
Year of foundation: 1990
Activities: Promotes Nordic and international cooperation and research in the Arctic, and Nordic education for students studying Arctic problems. Seeks to increase public awareness of the Arctic among individuals and organizations in Nordic countries through networking and other activities. Holds annual symposia in January.
Publications: Symposia proceedings.

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Nordic Research School on Local Dynamics (NOLD)

Address: Dept. of Community and Planning Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tromso, N-9037 Tromso, Norway.
Telephone: +47-77-64-55-21
Fax: +47-77-64-64-70
Year of foundation: 2000
Activities: With participants from all Nordic countries, NOLD's focus is on the local level and the dynamics taking place within northern local communities, between them, and related to actors and processes national and international. NOLD adopts the "locailty approach" with an emphasis on interdisciplinary work. The School aims at achieving close collaboration between students, reflected in common doctoral courses twice a year, cooperation in fieldwork, and exchange of their findings and results via the Internet. Activities and workshops, as well as doctoral courses and conferences are coordinated by the secretariat at the University of Tromso.

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Nordisk Organ for Reinforskning (NOR) [Nordic Council for Reindeer Research]

[Nordic Council for Reindeer Research]
Website: www.rangifer.no
Address: c/o NVH, Dept. of Arctic Veterinary Medicine, N-9292, Tromso, Norway
Telephone: +47-776-94810
Fax: +47-776-94911
Activities: Coordinating agency for the Nordic countries (incl. Greenland) on reindeer research - arranging meetings, giving grants and publishing an international journal on research, management and husbandry of reindeer and other northern ungulates.
Publications: Rangifer (1981-, 2-4pa); Rangifer Report (1995-)

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Nordisk Samarbeidsorgan for Same- og Reindriftssparsmal] [Nordic Cooperative Agency for Saami Affairs and Reindeer Herding]

[Nordic Cooperative Agency for Saami Affairs and Reindeer Herding]
Address: PO Box 8007 Dep., N-0030 Oslo 1, Norway

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Nordiska Samarbetsorganet for Samesporsmal och Renskotelfragor [Nordic Organization for Saami Culture and Reindeer Husbandry]

[Nordic Organization for Saami Culture and Reindeer Husbandry]
Address: Jordbruksdepartementet, S-10333 Stockholm, Sweden
Telephone: +46-8-7631000
Year of foundation: 1963
Activities: Established to deal with issues relating to reindeer husbandry common to Finland, Norway and Sweden, and to other matters pertaining to the practical development of reindeer husbandry.

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Nordkalott Committee (NKK)

Address: County Administration of Lapland, PO Box 8002, FIN-96401, Rovaniemi, Finland

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Nordkalott Cooperation Office (NORDSAM)

Address: County Administration of Norrbotten, S-971 86, Lulea, Sweden

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Nordkalott Education and Research Council (NUF)

Address: Landsdelsutvalget, N-8000 Bodo, Norway

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North Atlantic Biocultural Organization (NABO)

Address: Bioarchaeology Laboratory, Hunter College, City University of New York, 695 Park Av., New York, NY 10021, USA.
Telephone: +1-212-772-5654
Fax: +1-212-772-5423
Year of foundation: 1992
Activities: Multidisciplinary, non-governmental regional research cooperative, focusing on archaeology, dedicated to improving communications among the social science community, and between northern social science and northern natural science centred on global change research.
Publications: NABO Newsletter (1992-); NABO Publications (1992-); NABO Working Papers (1992-)

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North Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)

Website: www.nafo.ca
Address: PO Box 638, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 3Y9, Canada
Telephone: +1-902-468-5590
Fax: +1-902-468-5538
Year of foundation: 1950
Activities: Contracting Parties work to investigate, protect, and conserve the fishery resources of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Provides resource management, compiles statistics, and maintains research programmes. Formerly the International Commission for North West Atlantic Fisheries (ICNAF).
Publications: Inventory of sampling data (1979-84; 1985-89); Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science (1980-, annual) [continues ICNAF Research Bulletin (1964-79)]; Meetings and decisions 1979-1992 (1993); NAFO Index of Meeting Documents (1979-84; 1985-89); NAFO List of Fishing Vessels (1980-, triennial) [continues ICNAF List of Fishing Vessels]; NAFO News (1994-, 2pa); NAFO Scientific Council Reports (1980-, annual) [continues ICNAF Redbook]; NAFO Scientific Council Studies (1981-) [continues ICNAF Special Publications (1958-80) and ICNAF Selected Papers (1958-80)]; NAFO Statistical Bulletin (1951-, annual) [continues ICNAF Statistical Bulletin].

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North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission (NAMMCO)

Website: www.nammco.no
Address: University of Tromso, N-9037 Tromso, Norway
Telephone: +47-77-645908
Fax: +47-77-645905
Year of foundation: 1992
Activities: NAMMCO's objective is to contribute through regional consultation and cooperation to the conservation, rational management and study of marine mammals in the North Atlantic. The current members are the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland and Norway.

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Northern Studies Association (NSA)

Address: c/o Department of Cultural Anthropology, Institute for the Study of North Eurasian Cultures, Faculty of Letters, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060, Japan
Telephone: +81-11-716-2111 ext. 3014
Fax: +81-11-716-0919
Year of foundation: 1990
Activities: Seeks to contribute to the understanding of human beings by studying various northern cultures and practicing international exchanges. In addition to hosting international symposia (2nd,1995), NSA's activities include the collection and dissemination of information about northern studies, and the promotion of information exchanges and mutual cooperation with related academic associations.
Publications: Northern Studies Association Bulletin (1992-, annual)

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Polar Libraries Colloquy (PLC)

Website: http://arktinen.urova.fi/polarweb/polar/plcmain.htm
Address: c/o Scott Polar Research Institute, Lensfield Rd., Cambridge CB2 1ER, England. Tel +44-1223-336557
Fax: +44-1223-336549
Year of foundation: 1971 [pre-1988, Northern Libraries Colloquy]
Activities: Provides a forum through which librarians and others concerned with the collection, preservation and dissemination of polar information, discuss issues of mutual interest and promote initiatives leading to improved collections and services. Holds biennial conferences (1971-).
Publications: Polar Libraries Bulletin (1990-) [continues Northern Libraries Bulletin (1971-88)]; conference proceedings

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Polartech

Address: Secretariat, Dansk Polarcenter, Strandgade 100 H, DK-1401 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Activities: Organizes the biennial Polartech conference (1986-).
Publications: Conference proceedings.

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Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions (POAC)

Address: Secretariat, Norwegian Hydrotechnical Laboratory, Klaebuveien 153, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway
Activities: Organizes the biennial International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions (1971-).
Publications: Conference proceedings.

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Saami Association of North America (SANA)

Address: c/o Susan Gunness Myers, SANA USA, 10010 Monticello Lane North, Maple Grove, MN 55369, USA
Year of foundation: 1994
Activities: SANA's purpose is to create a strong Saami presence and an understanding of Saami people and Saami culture in North America. SANA has observer status at Saami Governing Council.
Publications: North American Saami Journal

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Sami Instituhtta / Nordiskt Samiskt Institut [Nordic Saami Institute (NSI)]

[Nordic Saami Institute (NSI)]
Website: www.nsi.no
Address: PO Box 220, N-9520 Kautokeino/Guovdageaidnu, Norway
Telephone: +47-784-85000
Fax: +47-784-86866
Year of foundation: 1973
Activities: Research centre specializing in the study of the Saami and northern Scandinavia. Activities fall into three main sectors: language and culture, including linguistic research, local history and handicrafts; education and information, including curricula and teaching materials; economic, environment, and legal rights, including occupational research, reindeer herding, mapping and land use planning, and judicial research. Maintains a database on Saami legal rights. Library.
Publications: Diedut (1981-); Diehtogiisa; Majority-minority relations: the case of the Sami in Scandinavia (1994)

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Samiraddi [Saami Council]

[Saami Council]
Website: www.saamicouncil.org
Address: FIN-99980 Utsjoki, Finland
Telephone: +358-697-677-351
Fax: +358-697-677-353
Year of foundation: 1956. Until 1992, known as the Nordic Saami Council [Nordisk Samerad]
Activities: Set up to safeguard and promote the economic, social and educational interests of the Saami of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Has permanent observer status in the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy.

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SCAR Global Change Office (GLOCHANT)

Website: www.antcrc.utas.edu.au/scar
Address: , Antarctic CRC, GPO Box 252C, Hobart 7001, Australia
Telephone: +61-3-6226-7544
Fax: +61-3-6226-7650
Year of foundation: 1995
Publications: Antarctic Global Change Research (1996-); EASIZ Newsletter (1996-)

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Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)

Website: www.scar.org
Address: Secretariat, c/o Scott Polar Research Institute, Lensfield Rd., Cambridge CB2 1ER, England
Telephone: +44-1223-336550
Fax: +44-1223-336549
Year of foundation: 1958 [until 1961, Special Committee on Antarctic Research]
Activities: Scientific committee of the International Council of Scientific Unions, charged with the initiation, promotion, and coordination of scientific activity in the Antarctic, and the provision of scientific advice to the Antarctic Treaty System, with a view to framing scientific programmes of circum-Antarctic scope and significance. Provides a forum for scientists from all countries involved in Antarctic research to discuss their field activities and plans and to promote collaboration between them.
Publications: Antarctic digital database (1993); Antarctica: a catalogue of maps and charts (1988); Conservation areas in the Antarctic; a review prepared by the Sub-Committee [on] Conservation [of the] Working Group on Biology (Bonner and Lewis Smith, 1985); SCAR Bulletin (1959-, 4pa); SCAR Manual (1987); SCAR Report (1986-); monographs.

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Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR)

Website: www.jhu.edu/~scor
Address: Secretariat. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, John's Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. Tel +1-410-516-4070
Fax: +1-410-516-4019
Year of foundation: 1957
Activities: Scientific committee of the International Council of Scientific Unions. Leading non-governmental organization for the promotion and coordination of international oceanographic activities. Polar activities include working groups on Sea Ice Ecology and General Circulation of the Southern Ocean, and Southern Ocean activities in both the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) and Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC). Collaborates with SCAR and AOSB with regard to the Southern and Arctic oceans respectively.
Publications: GLOBEC Report Serie; JGOFS Report Series; SCOR Handbook (2pa); SCOR Newsletter (2pa); SCOR Proceedings (2pa)

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Society for Arctic Medical Research

Address: c/o M. Raney, 223 Grand Canal, Balboa Island, CA 92662

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Society for Marine Mammalogy (SMM)

Website: www.marinemammalogy.org
Address: PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044
Telephone: +1-800-627-0629
Fax: +1-913-843-1274
Year of foundation: 1981
Activities: Evaluates and promotes the educational, scientific, technical and managerial advancement of marine mammal science; gathers and disseminates scientific, technical and management information on matters relating to the conservation and management of marine mammal resources through publications and meetings to Society members, the public and private institutions.
Publications: The bowhead whale (Burns et al, 1994); Marine mammal energetics (Huntley et al, 1987); Marine Mammal Science (1985-, 4pa); Strategies for pursuing a career in marine mammal science (Thomas and Odell, 1994)
Notes:

Secretary: D. Ann Pabst, Biological Sciences & Center for Marine Science Research, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Wilmington, North Carolina 28403 USA; telephone: +910-962-7266; fax: +910-962-4066; e-mail: pabsta@uncwil.edu

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Society for Nautical Research

Website: www.snr.org
Address: c/o Mrs Annette Gould, Membership Secretary, 5 Goodwood Close, Midhurst, Sussex GU29 9JG, Englan
Year of foundation: 1910
Activities: International society founded to foster the study of all aspects of ships and seafaring throughout the world and in all ages.
Publications: Mariner's Mirror (1911-, 4pa)

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Society of Antarctic Medicine

Address: c/o Michele Raney, 223 Grand Canal, Balboa Island, CA 92662, USA

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Standing Committee on Antarctic Logistics and Operations (SCALOP)

Website: www.comnap.aq/comnap/comnap.nsf/P/Committees?Open&Start=1&Count=4000#SCALOP
Address: COMNAP Secretariat, 2000 Florida Av. NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA
Telephone: +1-202-939-3218
Fax: +1-202-328-0566
Year of foundation: 1988
Activities: Committee of COMNAP. Its purpose is to serve COMNAP and SCAR by providing advice on Antarctic operations and logistics. SCALOP meets annually in conjunction with COMNAP and also organizes expositions, workshops and symposia on Antarctic operational and technological problems.
Publications: Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Antarctic Logistics and Operations (1994)

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Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura ry [Finno-Ugrian Society]

[Finno-Ugrian Society]
Website: www.helsinki.fi/jarj/sus/
Address: PL 320, FIN-00171 Helsinki, Finland
Telephone: +358-90-662-149
Fax: +358-90-632-501
Year of foundation: 1883
Activities: Carries out research into the Finno-Ugrian languages, many of which are spoken by northern Eurasian peoples. Holds regular meetings.
Publications: Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen (1901-, annual); Hilfsmittel (1894-); Journal (1885-, annual); Julkaisut 1885-1993: ... publications of the Finno-Ugrian Society (1993); Lexica (1913-); Memoires (1890-); Travaux ethnographiques (1899-)

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Taiga Rescue Network (TRN)

Website: www.snf.se/TRN
Address: Coordination Centre, Ajtte, PO Box 116, S-96223 Jokkmokk, Sweden
Telephone: +46-971-17039
Fax: +46-971-12057
Year of foundation: 1992
Activities: Environmental group seeking to protect the boreal forests and those indigenous peoples who live in them. Carries out research, documents and disseminates information relating to issues concerning these forests. Organizes campaigns, meetings and conferences.
Publications: Taiga-News; Taiga trade (Olsson, 1995); fact sheets.

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The Northern Forum (TNF)

Website: www.northernforum.org
Address: Secretariat, 4101 University Dr., APU Carr-Gottstein Center, Suite 221, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA
Telephone: +7-095-411-22-6-03-00
Fax: +1-907-561-6645
Year of foundation: 1991
Activities: International organization of state, regional and local leaders from the world's northern regions established to promote dialogue and cooperation between governments in the promotion and development of the north. Has recognized NGO status at the United Nations. Associate Secretariats at Yakutsk and Bodo.
Publications: Environmental status report of the northern region (1995); Northern Forum (1993-, 4pa); Regional profiles of the Northern Forum members (1995); Survey on exchange among research institutes of the northern region (1994)

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The Northern Forum Academy (TNFA)

Website: www.northernforum.org
Address: Secretariat, Arctic Centre, PO Box 122, FIN-96100 Rovaniemi, Finland
Telephone: +358-60-324-768/754/771
Fax: +358-60-324-760
Year of foundation: 1995
Activities: Encourages, facilitates and promotes basic and applied interdisciplinary research in the North to improve the knowledge basis for policies on the development, management and conservation of regional natural resources, the protection of the northern environment, and the support of northern residents. TNFA coordinates its work with the Northern Forum priority project committees.

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Trans-Antarctic Association

Website: www.antarctica.ac.uk/About_Antarctica/Heritage/Trans-Antarctic_Association.html
Address: c/o Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI), Lensfield Rd., Cambridge CB2 lER, England
Telephone: +44-1223-62061
Fax: +44-1223-336549
Year of foundation: 1962
Activities: Registered charity (no. 205773) awarding annual grants in support of Antarctic research and exploration by nationals of the four countries which took part in the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1955-58): Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the United Kingdom.

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Winter Cities Association

Website: www.wintercities.lulea.se
Address: 1933 Fifth St. SW, Calgary, Alberta T2S 2B2, Canada
Telephone: +1-403-229-0696
Fax: +1-403-245-9701
Activities: Promotes livability and economic development in winter communities by inspiring a positive attitude towards winter and by providing the means for practical adaptations to maximize the opportunities and minimize the disadvantages of our challenging geoclimate environment. Carries out research, runs conferences and workshops, and sponsors publications.
Publications: Winter Cities (1982-, 4pa) [continues Winter Cities News]

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World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC)

Website: www.unep-wcmc.org
Address: 219 Huntingdon Rd., Cambridge CB3 0DL, England
Telephone: +44-1223-277314
Fax: +44-1223-277136
Year of foundation: 1988
Activities: Set up by IUCN, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) as a research and information centre for the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources. WCMC is active in both polar regions. Current projects include compilation of a directory of Arctic Protected Areas.
Publications: Antarctic Digital Database

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World Council of Indigenous Peoples (WCIP)

Website: www.cwis.org/wcip.html
Address: 555 King Edward Av., 2nd Floor, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada
Telephone: +1-613-230-9030
Fax: +1-613-230-9340
Year of foundation: 1975
Activities: International coordinating body with 30 national members. Seeks to advance the self-sufficiency and autonomy of indigenous peoples.
Publications: WCIP Newsletter (1987-, 4-6pa)

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World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS)

Website: www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms
Address: Section of Glaciology, VAW/ETH Zentrum, Gloriastrasse 37/39, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-1-257-5139. Fax +41-1-362-5227
Fax: +41-1-632-1192. Prof.Dr. Wilfried Haeberli Physical Geography Division Department of Geograph
Activities: Collects and publishes standardised data on glacier fluctuations. Maintains an inventory of perennial surface ice masses. Permanent service of the Federation of Astronomical and Data Analysis Services (FAGS).
Publications: Glacier Mass Balance Bulletin (1991-, 2pa); Fluctuations of Glaciers (1967-, at 5 year intervals); World Glacier Inventory; status 1988. A contribution to the Global Environment Monitoring System (GEMS) and the International Hydrological Programme

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World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

Website: www.wmo.ch
Address: Case Postale no. 5, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
Year of foundation: 1950
Activities: United Nations specialized agency responsible for the coordination, standardization and improvement of international meteorological and related activities, and the efficient exchange of meteorological and related information. Several programmes include significant polar components, e.g. Global Atmospheric Research Programme (GARP), International Arctic Buoy Program (IABP), World Climate Applications Programme (WCAP), World Climate Data Programme (WCDP), and World Climate Research Programme (WCRP).
Publications: Forty years of progress and achievement: a historical review of WMO (Daves, 1990); WMO Bulletin (1952-, 4pa); WMO sea-ice nomenclature: terminology, codes and illustrated glossary (1970). Reports and newsletters associated with specific research programmes.

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WWF International Arctic Programme

Website: www.ngo.grida.no/wwfap
Address: PO Box 6784, St. Olavsplass, N-0130 Oslo, Norway
Telephone: +47-22-203774
Fax: +47-22-200666
Year of foundation: 1992
Activities: Coordinates activities and projects of WWF national organizations in circumpolar Arctic. Seeks to promote consistent conservation strategies, increase public awareness, and to foster pan-Arctic viewpoint.
Publications: WWF Arctic Bulletin (1993-, 4pa)

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